January 27, 2021 by Manufacturing AUTOMATION
Canada is slightly above the world average for robot density in the manufacturing industry, according to a new report by the International Federation of Robotics (IFR).
The 2020 World Robotics report, which is based on statistics from 2019, shows that Canada ranks 18th in the world for robot density, with 165 units installed per 10,000 employees. A record global average was set in 2019 of 113 units per 10,000 employees.
By regions, Western Europe (225 units) and the Nordic European countries (204 units) have the most automated production, followed by North America (153 units) and South East Asia (119 units).
The report says the world’s top 10 most automated countries are: Singapore (1), South Korea (2), Japan (3), Germany (4), Sweden (5), Denmark (6), Hong Kong (7), Chinese Taipei (8), USA (9) and Belgium and Luxemburg (10).
“Robot density is the number of operational industrial robots relative to the number of workers,” says Milton Guerry, president of the International Federation of Robotics. “This level measurement allows comparisons of countries with different economic sizes in the dynamic automation race over time.”
The country with the highest robot density by far remains Singapore with 918 units per 10,000 employees in 2019. The electronics industry, especially semiconductors and computer peripherals, is the primary customer of industrial robots in Singapore with shares of 75 per cent of the total operational stock.
South Korea comes second with 868 units per 10,000 employees in 2019. Korea is a leader in LCD and memory chip manufacturing, with companies such as Samsung and LG on top, and also a major production site for motor vehicles and the manufacturing of batteries for electric cars.
Japan (364 robots per 10,000 employees) and Germany (346 units), rank third and fourth respectively. Japan is the world’s predominant robot manufacturing country — where even robots assemble robots: 47 per cent of the global robot production are made in Nippon. The electrical and electronics industry has a share of 34 per cent, the automotive industry 32 per cent, and the metal and machinery industry 13 per cent of the operational stock.
Germany is by far the largest robot market in Europe with 38 per cent of Europe’s industrial robots operating in factories. Robot density in the German automotive industry is among the highest in the world. Employment in this sector rose continuously from 720,000 people in 2010 to almost 850,000 people in 2019.
Sweden remains in 5th position with a robot density of 274 units operating with a share of 35 per cent in the metal industry and another 35 per cent in the automotive industry.
Robot density in the United States increased to 228 robots. In 2019, the US car market was again the second largest car market in the world, following China, with the second largest production volume of cars and light vehicles. Both USA and China are considered highly competitive markets for car manufacturers worldwide.
The development of robot density in China continues dynamically: Today, China’s robot density in the manufacturing industry ranks 15th worldwide. Next to car production, China is also a major producer of electronic devices, batteries, semiconductors and microchips.