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Term Definition
Base Speed

Base speed is the manufacturer's nameplate rating where the motor will develop rated power at rated load and voltage. With dc drives, it is commonly the point where full armature voltage is applied with full-rated field excitation. With ac systems, it is commonly the point where 60Hz is applied to the induction motor.

BASIC

Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code, a simple programming language widely used for personal computers.

Batch manufacturing

the technique of manufacturing parts or finished goods in groups, lots, or batches in which each part or finished good in the batch is identical.

Batch processing

is the method adopted when the required product volumes do not allow continuous production of one product on particular machines.

Batch production

refers to the lot size of identical parts produced in a factory. Batch production is the method adopted when the required product volumes are not adequate to permit continuous production of one product on dedicated machines.

Baud

A unit of data transmission speed equal to the number of bits (or signal events) per second; 300 baud = 300 bits per second.

Baud rate

a measure of the signalling speed in a digital communication system.

Benchmark

A fixed point of reference or a standard for comparison, used to achieve excellence within the manufacturing firm; an outstanding example, appropriate for use as a model.

Benchmarking

An improvement process in which a company or organization compares its performance against best-in-class companies or organizations, determines how those companies or organizations achieved their performance levels, and uses the information to improve its own performance. The subjects that can be benchmarked include strategies, products/programs/services, operations, processes and procedures.

Bill of material

A listing of all the subassemblies, parts, and raw materials that go into a parent assembly.

Binary

Refers to base 2 numbering system, in which the only allowable digits are 0 and 1. Pertaining to a condition that has only two possible values or states.

Binary code

A representation of information using a sequence of zeros and ones. The basis for calculations in all digital computers.

BIOS

Acronym for basic input/output system. The commands used to tell a CPU how it will communicate with the rest of the computer.

Bit

A digit in binary notation, e.g., 0 or 1.

Block diagram

An illustration in which essential units of any system are drawn in the form of blocks and their relationship(s) to each other are indicated by appropriate interconnecting lines. (2) In computer programming or business/manufacturing process flow(s), a graphical representation of data processing or workflow within a system.

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