Terms that are on use on this site.

There are 493 entries in this glossary.
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Term Definition

A device that prevents a machine from initiating an operation until a condition or set of conditions is fulfilled.


The ability of computers on a network to share application software.

Intrinsically Safe

An instrument which will not produce any spark or thermal effects under normal or abnormal conditions that will ignite a specified gas mixture.

Inventory management

the systematic determination of items and quantities to be ordered; the co-ordination of order release and order due dates; changes in the required quantities; and the rescheduling of planned orders.

IOBASE-T Ethernet

A version of Ethernet that operates over twisted-pair wire at a speed of 10 Mb/s. IOBASE-T networks with more than two terminals must use an Ethernet hub and a star topology.


Industry Standard Architecture (PC-AT Bus) or Instrument Society of America.

                                                        ISO International Standards Organization.
Island of automation

A stand-alone pocket of automation, such as a robot, CAD/CAM system or CNC machine, that is not connected into a cohesive system.


The reduction of the capacity of a system to respond to an external force by use of resilient isolating materials.


Principally a programming language, but it has been designed by Sun Microsystems to function as a complete computer operating system. The purpose of the language has been twofold: to create a single standard that will run on a variety of competing computer systems, and to solve vexing computer security problems introduced by the widespread reliance on computer networks, which are vulnerable to malicious programs like viruses.


Just-in-Time is an approach to manufacturing where each operation is closely synchronized with subsequent operations.


To generate motion (continuous or incremental) whenever an operator-activated switch is closed.


The basic unit of thermal energy.

Jump instruction

An instruction that causes the processor to deviate from executing instructions in order, by jumping to another place in the program.


A short conductor with which you can connect 2 points.


The point in a thermocouple where the two dissimilar metals are joined.

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