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Term Definition
CAN

Controller area network

CAPP

Computer-Aided Process Planning is a management framework for data that assists the functions of process planning in manufacturing.

CASE

Computer-Aided Software Engineering is the use of object-oriented programming and other techniques to streamline generation of programming code.

CD-ROM

Compact-Disc, Read-Only Memory systems use digitized multimedia signals to recreate text, video, and graphics. A data-storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs. CD-ROM is popular for distribution of large databases, software, and especially multimedia applications.

Cell control

a manufacturing unit consisting of two or more workstations or machines and the materials, transport mechanisms and storage buffers that interconnect them.
Changeover time The time required to modify a system or workstation, usually including both tear-down time for the existing condition and set-up time for the new condition. Typically associated with a switch to new product.

CIM

Computer-Integrated Manufacturing is the increased integration of business and manufacturing functions through application of information technology; the use of computers in all aspects of manufacturing, with integration of functions and control in a hierarchy of computer systems.

Circuit

a communications path between two points.

Circuit Switching

A method of establishing a dedicated communications path between two or more locations through one or more switching nodes. Data is sent in a continuous stream; the data rate is constant; the delay is constant and limited to propagation times; and a dedicated end to end path remains in effect until the communication is terminated.

Circular interpolation

Coordination of two independent motion axes to produce an apparent circular motion. It's done through a series of straight line approximations via software algorithms.

Client

a user's workstation in a client/server architecture. The client serves as a user interface processing time-consuming tasks to distribute the computing load from the server.

Client-Server Network

A network that uses a central computer (server) to store data that is accessed from other computers on the network (clients).

Client/server architecture

an approach to co-operative processing, where the functions of an application are shared between multiple computers on a network.

Clipping

The term applied to the phenomenon which occurs when an output signal is limited in some way by the full range of an amplifier, ADC or other device. When this occurs, the signal is flattened at the peak values, the signal approaches the shape of a square wave, and high frequency components are introduced. Clipping may be hard, as is the case when the signal is strictly limited at some level; or it may be soft, in which case the clipping signal continues to follow the input at some reduced gain.

Closed

loop control -any system in which part of the output is fed back to the input to effect a regulatory action, and in which the controlled quantity is measured and compared with a standard representing the desired performance. Any deviation from the standard is fed back into the control system in such a sense as to reduce the deviation.

Closeness of Control

Total temperature variation from a desired set point of system. Expressed as "closeness of control" is ±2?C or a system bandwidth with 4?C, also referred to as amplitude of deviation.

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