Manufacturing AUTOMATION

Glossary Terms
Terms that are used on the Manufacturing Automation website


a collection of structured information.

dB (Decibel)

20 times the log to the base 10 of the ratio of two voltages. Every 20
dBs correspond to a voltage ratio of 10, every 10 dBs to a voltage
ratio of 3.162. For instance, a CMR of 120 dB provides voltage noise
rejection of 1,000,000/1. An NMR of 70 dB provides voltage noise
rejection of 3,162/1.


Database Management Systems access data stored in a database and
present multiple data views to end users and application programmers.


Direct current; an electric current flowing in one direction only and substantially constant in value.


Distributed COM


Distributed Control System is a real-time control system for continuous and batch process applications.


In process control, a range in which an input signal may be varied, without initiating a change in output signal.


A unit (dB) for measuring the relative strength of signal power. The
number of decibels equals ten times the logarith (base 10) of the
ration of the measured signal power to a reference power. One tenth of
a bell.


support tools PC-, client-, or application server-based systems that
use memory-based processing to perform rapid simulations using data
drawn from business-transaction processing systems such as enterprise
resources planning. The simulations optimize such things as production
or distribution plans based on variously weighted goals, such as low
cost or on-time delivery. Management then can decide which scenario
best balances the many competing claims it must address when running a

Default value

The option taken by a computer in the event of the omission of a definite instruction or action.


Level of power supplied from the electric system during a specific period of time.

Demand management

see Forecasting.

Demand-side management (DSM)

Measures taken by a utility to influence the level or timing of a
customer’s energy demand. By optimizing the use of existing utility
assets, DSM programs enable utilities to defer expenditures for adding
new generating capacity.


Design and engineering practice


The systematic process of introducing an activity or process to all applicable areas of an organization.

Deterministic model

A mathematical model that, given a set of input data, produces a single output or a single set of outputs.

Development tools

The raw materials by which programmers create custom-built enterprise software.


The difference between an observation and a fixed value.

Device driver

Software that controls a computer peripheral, sometimes referred to as the interface software.


For an on/off controller, it refers to the temperature difference
between the temperature at which the controller turns heat off and the
temperature at which the heat is turned back on. It is expressed in

Digital Output

An output signal which represents the size of an input in the form of a series of discrete quantities.


A set of German standards recognized throughout the world. The 1/8 DIN
standard for panel meters specifies an outer bezel dimension of 96 x 48
mm and a panel cutout of 92 x 45 mm.

Discrete event simulation

A technique often used by engineers in the design and modification of
production systems, whereby models output statistical estimates of
performance, using graphic animation to help create a greater
understanding of system dynamics.

Discrete manufacturing

Production of distinct items such as automobiles and computers.

Discrete part manufacturing

a manufacturing process that produces discrete parts in comparatively small lots or batches of from one to perhaps 50,000.

Disk mirroring

data protection by duplication on disk drives.


The measured distance traveled by a point from its position at rest. Peak to
peak displacement is the total measured movement of a vibrating point
between its positive and negative extremes. Measurement units expressed
as inches or millinches.

Distributed processing

the physical and/or logical connectivity of hardware, software, information, and load sharing.

Distributed system

a system consisting of a group of connected computers sharing software, information or load.

Distribution management

Systems that determine optimal quantities of each product to be made at
each plant and to be distributed to each warehouse, such that
manufacturing and distribution costs are minimized and customer demands
are met.


The characteristic of a workforce which is a result of individual
differences between its members. Specific differences may include:
gender, workforce minorities, or individual disabilities. Workforce
diversity is a major organizational strength when the knowledge,
abilities and strengths of individual workers are recognized and


Document management system